Types of scoliosis

Congenital scoliosis

Congenital scoliosis is a type of scoliosis that you are born with. This type of scoliosis happens because the spine does not develop fully in the womb.

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Early onset scoliosis

Early onset scoliosis is when a curve appears between birth and age 10, or before puberty.

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Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis

Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is a change in the shape of the spine when a child is growing. It results in the spine curving sideways and twisting at the same time.

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Degenerative scoliosis

Degenerative scoliosis occurs in adults for two main reasons. Degenerative scoliosis of both kinds can happen because the bones get weaker as we age. 

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Neuromuscular scoliosis

Neuromuscular scoliosis is a curvature of the spine caused by a neurological or muscular condition.

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Scheuermann's kyphosis

Scheuermann's kyphosis is a condition in which the front sections of the vertebrae (small bones that make up the spine) grow more slowly than the back sections during childhood.

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Syndromic scoliosis

Syndromic scoliosis means that a sideways curve of the spine develops as part of a syndrome. A syndrome is a condition that is made up of lots of symptoms (signs) that appear together.

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