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Congenital scoliosis is a type of scoliosis that you are born with. The word congenital means that the condition is present at birth.
This type of scoliosis happens because the spine does not develop fully in the womb. The spine is made up of small bones called vertebrae. Sometimes these vertebrae do not form fully as the child grows in the womb. Sometimes one or more do not form at all, which causes the spine to grow unevenly once a child is born.
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